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Prolonged Cough Causes
8 conditions that can cause persistent cough, namely:
1. Asthma and allergies
Asthma is a chronic lung disease caused by the airways in the lungs are prone to inflammation and swelling. Coughing is a characteristic symptom of asthma that tends to be more intense during the night and early morning accompanied by chest tightness, shortness of breath and wheezing. When asthma symptoms appear is known as an asthma attack.
But for people who do not have asthma, inhaled some allergens such as dust, animal dander or other airborne irritants can trigger allergies are characterized by persistent cough accompanied with stuffy nose and sneezing.
2. COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)
COPD occurs when the airways and air sacs in the lungs become inflamed or damaged. This condition is most often caused by smoking and someone over the age of 45 years.
The lungs of people affected by COPD will produce excess mucus, and the body will instinctively try to remove the mucus by coughing. In addition to tissue damage associated with COPD will cause shortness of breath.
Usually the doctor will conduct an examination of COPD for someone who smoked and had persistent cough. Spirometry tests performed is of a person required to inhale as deeply as he could and then blow into the tube.
GERD is a disease that comes from the stomach and esophagus and occurs when stomach acid rising up into the esophagus due to a weak valve. A common symptom of GERD is the same cough with chest pain and shortness of breath. GERD is generally less well known as a cause of chronic cough.
4. Respiratory tract infections
Cough is the most common symptoms of colds, flu and other respiratory infections. Constant cough and longer than other symptoms such as nasal congestion or a fever, probably due to the airways in the lungs remain sensitive and inflamed. When this condition occurs called chronic upper airway cough syndrome (postnasal drip).
While respiratory tract infections are more serious is pneumonia caused by bacteria or viruses. Cough accompanied by a greenish mucus is one of the symptoms characteristic of the disease is usually accompanied by fever, chills, chest pain, fatigue, weakness and nausea.
5. Air pollution
Various pollutants and irritants in the air can cause a persistent cough. Even short-term exposure to smoke can cause coughing and lung irritant that can aggravate allergies or asthma. Moreover fungal spores that may be present in the house can also cause wheezing (asthma) and persistent cough inhalation.
6. Acute bronchitis
Acute bronchitis is a condition caused by the channel in the lungs become infected and inflamed. In addition to causing coughing and tightness in the chest, bronchitis also trigger the onset of fever, chills, sore throat and other flu symptoms. These symptoms usually disappear within a few days, but the cough can last for weeks.
If acute bronchitis is often the case, it can lead to chronic bronchitis is a serious condition of the lungs that produce excess mucus caused constant irritation.
7. Use of ACE inhibitors
The drug is commonly used to treat high blood pressure and heart failure. About 1 in 5 people who take this drug experience a dry cough. In some people cough can last for several weeks after stopping use of the drug. Estimated that women of African American and Asia are at risk of developing this type of cough.
But should a person can not simply stop taking this medication without consulting a physician, because ACE inhibitors are important drugs to lower blood pressure (a condition more serious than cough).
Pertussis, also known as whooping cough, the cough is caused by bacteria and is accompanied by fever, runny nose, persistent cough that makes people breathe harder. When breathing air into the lungs when coughing can produce distinctive sounds of high-pitched whooping. In the initial condition many people who do not have a fever, but a chronic cough that accompanies pertussis can last for weeks.
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